Mobility, Empire and Cross Cultural Contacts in Mongol Eurasia

Na'ama O. Arom

Na'ama O.Arom

Na'ama O. Arom

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Department of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies

Personal Project:

"A Bridge to the East": A Study of Ilkhanid Diplomacy

The PhD dissertation, supervised by Prof. Reuven Amitai,  focuses on the foreign relation of the IlKhanate – the diplomatic activity, as well as the less official connections, between the Mongols of the Middle East and the lands around them. Based mainly on Persian and Latin sources, this study attempts to trace the changes in the IlKhanid relationship with other forces, and to define the mechanics of the 'diplomatic civil service' of the Il-Khans - in case it did exist.


At the moment writing my PhD dissertation, "a Bridge to the East – Il-Khanid Foreign Relations" in the Hebrew University, under the supervision of Prof. Reuven Amitai. My MA thesis was written in Bar-Ilan University, on the subject of Mongol-Jewish connections during the 13th and 14th centuries – this time under the joint supervision of Profs. Ivonne Friedman and Reuven Amitai.

The foundations were laid in Tel Aviv University, where I studied BA, in the Department of East Asia (Chinese major) and the Department of History of Israel.

During the last two years I also taught classes in Bar-Ilan University about the Mongols in the Middle East and took part in the various conferences.


  • 2010: "No Fear - Mongol-Jewish Connections in the 13th and 14th centuries", National University of Mongolia (Ulan Baatar, 2010).
  • 2012: "Storm crows – Mongol Diplomacy in Hulagu's Invasion to the Middle East", Annual Conference of the Middle East and Islamic Studies Association of Israel (Bar-Ilan University).
  • June 29th, 2014: Poster "Our Word' – Foreign Advisers and Il-Khanid Diplomacy", Mobility  and Transformations – New Directions in the study of the Mongol Empire, the Hebrew University (Jerusalem).
  • May 21st, 2014: "Arrowheads of Hulegu Khan – Envoys and Diplomacy in his Invasion of  the Middle East, 1255-1262", New Approaches on the Il-Khans, National University of Mongolia.
  • April 24th, 2013: "Gallop on Water – the Persian Gulf and Mongol Iran", The Fifth Annual Persian Gulf Studies Conference in Israel, Haifa University.
  • April 13th, 2013: Symposia Iranica, St. Andrews University; title – "A Land of  Colours – Religion in Mongol Iran under the Il-Khan Arghun, 1284-1291".
List of publications

”No Fear – Different Images of the Mongols in Three Mediaeval Hebrew Texts” Acta Mongolica vol. 10 (2010), pp. 151-156.

“Steppe Tracks – A Journey to Mongolia” (Hebrew; written alongside Amir Ben-Cohen) East Wind vol. 50 (2011), pp. 133-144.